Two things:

When Jenkins connects to a computer, it goes to the sh shell, and not the bash shell (at least this is what I have noticed - I may be wrong). So any changes you make to $PATH in your bashrc file are not considered.

Also, any changes you make to $PATH in your local shell (one that you personally ssh into) will not show up in Jenkins.

To change the path that Jenkins uses, you have two options (AFAIK):

1) Edit your /etc/profile file and add the paths that you want there

2) Go to the configuration page of your slave, and add environment variable PATH, with value: $PATH:/followed-by/paths/you/want/to/add

If you use the second option, your System Information will still not show it, but your builds will see the added paths.