You need to return your promise to the calling function.

islogged:function(){
    var cUid=sessionService.get('uid');
    alert("in loginServce, cuid is "+cUid);
    var $checkSessionServer=$http.post('data/check_session.php?cUid='+cUid);
    $checkSessionServer.then(function(){
        alert("session check returned!");
        console.log("checkSessionServer is "+$checkSessionServer);
    });
    return $checkSessionServer; // <-- return your promise to the calling function
}