An optional prefix
!which negates the pattern; any matching file excluded by a previous pattern will become included again. If a negated pattern matches, this will override lower precedence patterns sources.
# Ignore everything * # But not these files... !.gitignore !script.pl !template.latex # etc... # ...even if they are in subdirectories !*/ # if the files to be tracked are in subdirectories !*/a/b/file1.txt !*/a/b/c/*