You can use an array with the splat operator *.

EXCEPTIONS = [FooException, BarException]

  a = rand
  if a > 0.5
    raise FooException
    raise BarException
  puts "rescued!"

If you are going to use a constant for the array as above (with EXCEPTIONS), note that you cannot define it within a definition, and also if you define it in some other class, you have to refer to it with its namespace. Actually, it does not have to be a constant.

Splat Operator

The splat operator * "unpacks" an array in its position so that


means the same as

rescue FooException, BarException

You can also use it within an array literal as

[BazException, *EXCEPTIONS, BangExcepion]

which is the same as

[BazException, FooException, BarException, BangExcepion]

or in an argument position

method(BazException, *EXCEPTIONS, BangExcepion)

which means

method(BazException, FooException, BarException, BangExcepion)

[] expands to vacuity:

[a, *[], b] # => [a, b]

One difference between ruby 1.8 and ruby 1.9 is with nil.

[a, *nil, b] # => [a, b]       (ruby 1.9)
[a, *nil, b] # => [a, nil, b]  (ruby 1.8)

Be careful with objects on which to_a is defined, as to_a will be applied in such cases:

[a, *{k: :v}, b] # => [a, [:k, :v], b]

With other types of objects, it returns itself.

[1, *2, 3] # => [1, 2, 3]