There are two ways to do it.

  1. In the method that opens the dialog, pass in the following configuration option disableClose as the second parameter in MatDialog#open() and set it to true:

    export class AppComponent {

    constructor(private dialog: MatDialog){} openDialog() { this.dialog.open(DialogComponent, { disableClose: true }); } }

  2. Alternatively, do it in the dialog component itself.

    export class DialogComponent {

    constructor(private dialogRef: MatDialogRef){ dialogRef.disableClose = true; } }

Here's what you're looking for:

<code>disableClose</code> property in material.angular.io

And here's a Stackblitz demo


Other use cases

Here's some other use cases and code snippets of how to implement them.

Allow esc to close the dialog but disallow clicking on the backdrop to close the dialog

As what @MarcBrazeau said in the comment below my answer, you can allow the esc key to close the modal but still disallow clicking outside the modal. Use this code on your dialog component:

import { Component, OnInit, HostListener } from '@angular/core';
import { MatDialogRef } from '@angular/material';
@Component({
  selector: 'app-third-dialog',
  templateUrl: './third-dialog.component.html'
})
export class ThirdDialogComponent {
  constructor(private dialogRef: MatDialogRef<ThirdDialogComponent>) {      
}
  @HostListener('window:keyup.esc') onKeyUp() {
    this.dialogRef.close();
  }

}

Prevent esc from closing the dialog but allow clicking on the backdrop to close

P.S. This is an answer which originated from this answer, where the demo was based on this answer.

To prevent the esc key from closing the dialog but allow clicking on the backdrop to close, I've adapted Marc's answer, as well as using MatDialogRef#backdropClick to listen for click events to the backdrop.

Initially, the dialog will have the configuration option disableClose set as true. This ensures that the esc keypress, as well as clicking on the backdrop will not cause the dialog to close.

Afterwards, subscribe to the MatDialogRef#backdropClick method (which emits when the backdrop gets clicked and returns as a MouseEvent).

Anyways, enough technical talk. Here's the code:

openDialog() {
  let dialogRef = this.dialog.open(DialogComponent, { disableClose: true });
  /*
     Subscribe to events emitted when the backdrop is clicked
     NOTE: Since we won't actually be using the `MouseEvent` event, we'll just use an underscore here
     See https://stackoverflow.com/a/41086381 for more info
  */
  dialogRef.backdropClick().subscribe(() => {
    // Close the dialog
    dialogRef.close();
  })

  // ...
}

Alternatively, this can be done in the dialog component:

export class DialogComponent {
  constructor(private dialogRef: MatDialogRef<DialogComponent>) {
    dialogRef.disableClose = true;
    /*
      Subscribe to events emitted when the backdrop is clicked
      NOTE: Since we won't actually be using the `MouseEvent` event, we'll just use an underscore here
      See https://stackoverflow.com/a/41086381 for more info
    */
    dialogRef.backdropClick().subscribe(() => {
      // Close the dialog
      dialogRef.close();
    })
  }
}