Try using the overflow CSS property. There are also separate properties to define the behaviour of just horizontal overflow (overflow-x) and vertical overflow (overflow-y).

Since you only want the vertical scroll, try this:

table {
  height: 500px;
  overflow-y: scroll;
}

EDIT:

Apparently <table> elements don't respect the overflow property. This appears to be because <table> elements are not rendered as display: block by default (they actually have their own display type). You can force the overflow property to work by setting the <table> element to be a block type:

table {
  display: block;
  height: 500px;
  overflow-y: scroll;
}

Note that this will cause the element to have 100% width, so if you don't want it to take up the entire horizontal width of the page, you need to specify an explicit width for the element as well.