As per Richter in the second edition of CLR via C# (yes I need to update):

Page 478

For (The CLR is shutting down) each Finalize method is given approximately two seconds to return. If a Finalize method doesn't return within two seconds, the CLR just kills the process - no more Finalize methods are called. Also, if it takes more then 40 seconds to call all objects' Finalize methods, again, the CLR just kills the process.

Also, as Servy mentions, it has its own thread.