We ended up going with an Angular front-end and an ASP.NET Core API backend, using Azure SQL. We tested Core Razor and, although better than legacy Razor, Angular was much faster for us in the end. As far as user experience goes, Angular (or React) is far superior in terms of performance. The model-binding aspects of Angular we found to be a gigantic advantage of server-side rendering. Using Razor(or server side rendering in general) does, however, lend itself to better overall integrity as far as data goes and it makes for a better transition of data from front-end to back-end. There is a true disconnect between a front-end framework and an API. All data that is passed to the server has to be cast into typed objects - this means you have to manage two separate POCO model sets. This can cause issues if server objects and front-end objects do not align. At the moment, Entity Framework Core is not very matured so we have issues with updating objects, querying objects, including child objects, etc.
Overall, this setup has worked out great for us so far! I would imagine React would be a similar replacement to Angular if you're more comfortable with it. I had to learn Angular, which was a very easy transition, and I love it now!